Yoshida explained the process by which the surface of the fountain pen is coated with lacquer （urushi）, a picture is drawn with colored lacquer, gold powder is sprinkled, and then several more layers of lacquer are coated."IC007004", "2573935"
Hiramaki-e, or level sprinkled picture, is a basic technique that involves sprinkling gold powder on a picture drawn with colored or natural lacquer and then, after drying, coating with several layer of lacquer and, after this has hardened, polishing to give a glossy finish."IC007004", "2320350"
He went on, "You coat the curved surface with lacquer, draw a picture with the red lacquer, express glitter and whiteness by crafting sea shells and egg shells, and sprinkle gold powder."IC007004", "2317190"
It involves raising the pictorial part with lacquer, charcoal dust, or some other material, drawing a picture on top of that with lacquer, sprinkling gold powder, and then, after coating with more lacquer, polishing out the picture."IC007004", "2373894"