（5） The term "Oil Refinery" as used in this Act means an business that manufactures Designated Oil Products using Specified Facilities （excluding by-products of Designated Oil Products technically produced in the manufacturing process of non-Designated Oil Products）, and "Oil Refiner" means any individual or juridical person operating a Oil Refinery.〔【出典】日本法令外国語訳データベースシステム 〕
Such reprocessing should be preceded by careful evaluation to ensure that the quality of the intermediate or API is not adversely impacted due to the potential formation of by-products and over-reacted materials.〔【出典】ICHガイドライン 〕
For example, according to the Nippon Steel Corporation's 2008 Environment Report, Japan's steel production process has a water circulation rate of 90%; re-use of byproduct gases, which are produced in blast furnaces and coke ovens, stands at 100%; conversion of blast-furnace slag and other byproducts for other uses, such as in cement or pavement, stands at 98%; and the energy-efficiency rate for steel production is 60%, due to waste-heat recovery."NIPO-199", "2298472"
Japan is also the most advanced country in terms of the adoption of energy-reduction facilities in the steel production process, such as heat-recovery and gas byproduct re-use systems."NIPO-199", "2387268"
Sewage, refuse, and other waste （e.g., solids, liquids, or gaseous by-products from manufacturing） in and from buildings and the immediate surrounding area should be disposed of in a safe, timely, and sanitary manner.〔【出典】ICHガイドライン 〕